Unfortunately, the argument is dismissed because each regime sees it as an opportunity to sustain their rein and a move away will undermine their parochial and partisan interest. Such is the case of electing the chief executives through a popular vote and not through representatives and government appointees. Hoffman and Metzroth (2010) explains that the fear of the lack of control of certain political strong holds have resulted in the perpetual reluctance for chief executives to be elected through a popular vote. As such the right-holder will continue to wallow in the development process without a definite hold on the accountability processes. For this reason the challenge will continue to remain and the distribution of socio-economic opportunities will continue to be drawn along party lines instead of strategic efforts towards satisfying the “right to life.” This thus undermines people’s right to factors that will sustain their lives as every now and then development interventions become ad hoc and only benefits a select few.
(1) In classical analysis and argumentations, explanatory concepts and causative conditions are tested and advocated because of their complexities. This is predominantly adopted in philosophical arguments. (See Earl, 2005). The choice for a ‘liberal analysis’ approach allows for flexibility in discussions. Liberal analysis provides this framework as it looks instead to dynamic preferences from different political or ideological standpoints as well as moving beyond the technical and economic conditions that informs decision making process (Moravcsik, 2010).
(2) The Cocoyoc Declaration asserts that: ‘Our first concern is to redefine the whole purpose of development. This should not be to develop things but to develop man. Human beings have basic needs: food, shelter, clothing, health, education. Any process of growth that does not lead to their fulfillment - or, even worse, disrupts them - is a travesty of the idea of development’ (See Ghai, 1977: 6)
(3) Though statistics points progress in terms of poverty reduction, social development continues to remain a critical challenge and priority of development. Aside the overall targets of halving poverty under the MDG 1, all other targets are projected to be unattainable by 2015. Thus targets of universal basic education, reduction in maternal and child mortality, gender empowerment, reducing malaria, HIV/AIDS, and other diseases are projected to be unattainable by 2015.
(4) They vote to approve the appointed Chief executive before the person can perform the duties of the office.
(5) See the Ghana News Agencies (2013), Ghanaian Chronicle (2009) and Freiku (2012) for news reports on these political events.
(6) According to Chapter 4, Section 179A (1)-(3),
1. ‘Any person who by a willful act or omission causes loss, damage or injury to the property of any public
2. Any person who in the course of any transaction or business with a public body or any agency of the
3. Any person through whose wilful, malicious or fraudulent action or omission—
(a) the State incurs a financial loss; or
(b) the security of the State is endangered, commits an offence’ (Government of Ghana,
(7) Brian, B. (1982) argues that fairness relates to the issue of contracts and requital and that upholding
contracts is a dimension of justice.
This is the narrative for a presentation prepared for a Guest Lecture for “Social Justice and the City”, Professor Beth Walter Honadle, School of Planning, University of Cincinnati.